More and more women are getting exposed to Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) everywhere. Data says more of urban women are getting infected with UTI. Currently this health hazard is ranked as the most prevalent bacterial infections. UTIs in females usually start as vaginal infections and ascend to the urethra and bladder. It is estimated that 1 in 3 women will have UTI by the age of 26 years. 10%–15% of women over 60 years and will have frequent recurrences. Up to 10% of women have a urinary tract infection in a given year, and half of women have at least one infection at some point in their lifetime. They occur most frequently between the ages of 16 and 35 years.
Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) is an infection that affects part of the urinary tract. This is formed by microbes mostly bacteria. When it affects the upper urinary tract, it affects the Kidney & Uterus.70% of the infection attacks the lower urinary tract which consists of Bladder and Urethra. Dr. Tirthankar Dutta, Consultant General Medicine – (MD, MBBS) shared with Future Healthcare his insights on this chronic medical state, its causes and possible ways of avoiding it.
Common Symptoms (Lower Tract): stones?
- Burning Sensation in urinary tract while urinating
- Increase in urgency and frequency of urination
- Cloudy Urine
- Blood in Urine
- Blood in Urine
- Strong bad odor
- Lower abdomen or rectal pain
- Fever may or may not appear
Common Symptoms (Upper Tract):
- Blood in urine
- Pain at upper back & sides
- Chills and fever
- Nausea and vomiting
Diagnosis of acute UTI:
- Routine and culture urine
- Complete CBC blood count
Diagnosis of recurrent UTI:
- USG of whole abdomen with KUB (kidney, ureters, and urinary bladder).
- CT Scan or MRI with KUB
- IVP (intravenous pyelogram), this involves injection of dye in kidney.
- Systoscopy, which involves in taking a picture of bladder.
Causes and Risk Factors of UTI:
- Older age
- Reduced mobility after major surgery
- Prolonged bed rest
- Previous Kidney stone or UTI
- Urinary tract obstruction by stone or tumor
- Prolonged use of catheter
- Presence of Diabetes
- Weakened immune system
- Poor bathroom hygiene
- Lack of hygiene before and after of sexual intercourse
- Enlarged prostate in case of male
- Consumption of 6-8 glasses of water
- Maintaining a good personal hygiene
- Not holding on to the urge of urinating
Dr. Tirthankar Dutta
Consultant General Medicine – (MD, MBBS)