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Summer Hacks to Beat the Heat

According to the latest study by an international online journal, The Guardian – “A third of the world now faces deadly heat waves as a result of climate change”. Heat can pose a huge threat to our health since it accumulates internally and leads to heat toxicity which is equivalent to sunburn inside our body. To counter this, more blood is pumped to our skin to cool down the effect.

Be it rashes, spasms, dizziness, heat-stroke, nausea or racing pulse, heat can trigger numerous health-related complications that can adversely impact our mortality rates. It is estimated that by the year 2100, the percentage of people at risk owing to heat and humidity will grow to 48%. In India, the temperature has risen up to 0.5 C over the last 50 years killing more than 100 people every year.

Heat can be deadly but if we are aware of it we can check its fatal consequences. There are some easy and effective ways of keeping heat-fatalities at bay. Dr. A.K Mitra (MD Medicine), a senior consultant physician shared with Future Healthcare his insights about different types of heat after-effects, its symptoms, precautions and care.

What are the types of heat stress that people suffer during summer?


  • Heat rash
  • Heat cramps
  • Heat syncope
  • Heat exhaustion
  • Heat stroke

What are the symptoms of heat rash?


  • Red cluster of pimples or small blisters that can happen anywhere on the body

How to prevent heat rash?


  • Keep the affected area dry
  • Powder may be used for comfort
  • Work in a cooler area if possible

What are the symptoms of heat cramp?


  • Muscle pain
  • Muscle spasm

How to prevent heat cramp?


  • Stop all activity for several hours
  • Sit in a cool place
  • Drink lot of fluids

What are the symptoms of heat syncope?


  • Fainting
  • Dizziness
  • Light headedness

How to prevent heat syncope?


  • Sit or lie down in a cool place
  • Stay quiet
  • Drink cool water/fluids slowly

What are the warning signs of heat stroke?


  • Headache
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Blurred vision
  • Profuse sweating
  • Muscle cramps
  • Hot dry skin
  • Exhaustion
  • Dizziness and fainting
  • Cold and damp skin

How to prevent heat stroke?


  • Move to a cool, shaded area
  • Remove excess clothing
  • Apply cool water to the body
  • Drink a lot of water

What is sunburn?


Sunburn is the sun’s ultraviolet radiation, which can significantly reduce the skin’s ability to shed excess heat. It can cause severe swelling of skin, blisters, fever, and headache.

How to prevent sunburn?


The best way is to apply sunscreen to avoid redness and pain.

Keeping body hydrated is the best way to beat heat. How to keep body hydrated in summer?


  • Drink plenty of water
  • Consume watery fruits
  • Exercise daily
  • Drink water before meals
  • Wakeup early
  • Control alcohol intake
  • Drink coconut water

MD (Medicine)
Sr. Consultant Physician

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